did the Mahakala temple first come in existence,
is difficult to tell. However, the
event may be assigned to the Pre-historic
period. Puranas narrate that it was first established
Brahma. There is reference
to the appointment of prince Kumarasena by king Chanda Pradyota in 6th c.
BC for looking after the law and
order situations of Mahakala temple. The punch-marked coins of
Ujjain, belonging to 4th-3rd c.
BC, bear the figure of Lord Siva
on them. Mahakala temple is also mentioned in several
ancient Indian poetic texts. According
to these texts, the temple had been
very magnificent and magnanimous.
Its foundation and platform were
built of stones. The temple rested
on the wooden pillars. There had
been no sikharas on the temples prior to the Gupta
period. The roofs of temples had
mostly been flat. Possibly due to
this fact, Kalidasa in Raghuvansam described this temple as ‘Niketana’.
The palace of the king had been
in the vicinity of the temple. In
the early part of the Meghadutam
(Purva Megha), Kalidasa gives a fascinating description
of the Mahakala temple. It appears that this Chandisvara temple might have been a unique
example of the then art and architecture.
It may be ascertained that how splendid
had been the temple of the main
Deity of that town which possessed
multi-storeyed gold-plated palaces
and buildings and the superb artistic
grandeur. The temple was enclosed
by high ramparts attached with the
entry-gates. At twilight the lively
rows of glittering lamps enlightened
the temple-complex. The
whole atmosphere echoed with the
sound of various musical instruments.