charming and well-decorated
damsels added a lot in the aesthetic
beauty of the temple. The echo
of the Jaya-dhvani (Let the Lord be victories) of
the assembly of the devotees was
heard far and wide. Priests remained
busy in worshipping the Deity
and chanting eulogies. The Vedic
hymns were recited and Stutis were sung,
the painted walls and well-carved
images projected the artistic
heights of the day.
After the downfall of the Gupta
empire, several dynasties including
the Maitrakas, Chalukyas,
Later Guptas, Kalachuris, Pusyabhutis,
Gurjara Pratiharas, Rastrakutas etc. dominated the political scenerio
in Ujjain one after the other.
However, all bowed down before Mahakala and distributed endowments and
alms to the deserving. During
this period a number of temples
of various gods and goddesses,Tirthas, Kundas, Vapis and gardens took shape in Avantika.
Several Saivite temples including
those of 84 Mahadevas existed here. This fact should
specifically be underlined that
when every nook and corner of
Ujjain was dominated by religious
monuments housed by the images
of their respective deities, the
development and progress of Mahakala temple and its religiocultural
milieu was not at all neglected.
Among many of the poetic texts
composed during this period, which
sung the significance and glamour
of the temple, Harsacharit and Kadambari of Banabhatta,
Naisadhacharit of Sri
Harsa, and Navasahasamkacharit of Padmagupta are noteworthy.