of Ujjayan is known among the twelve
celebrated Jyotirlingas in India.
the glory of Mahakaleshwar Temple
has been vividly described in various
Puranas Starting with Kalidas, many
Snaskrit poets have tradition of
Mahakala in the minds of the people
is eternal. Ujjain used to be the
centre-point for the calculation
of Indian time and Mahakala was
considered as the distinctive presiding
deity of Ujjain.
This Temple has been timeously renovated
through successive historical epochs-Shung,
Kushna, Satavahana, Gupta, Parihar,
Paramara nad comparatively modern
period of Marathas.
Altutmis pulled this temple down
in 1235 A. Reconstruction of the
present temple structure was done
at the intance of Ramchandra Baba
Shenvi, a Subedar of Malwa under
Ranoji Scindia. Renovation and carving
better facilities in the temple
have regularly been looked after
in the contemporary period also.
The idol of Mahakaleshwar is known
to be dakshina-murti or south faced.
The unique distinction of dakshina-murti
worship, upnel in the tantric tradition
is realised only in Mahakaleshwar
among the twelve Jyotirling of India.
Like the Mahakala Shrine installed
in the upper sanctum of Omkareshwar
Temple, the idol of Omkareshwar
Shiva is consecrated in the upper
sanctum of this temple. Nagachandreshwar
image on the this storey is opened
for darshan on Nagpanchmi day only.
Mahakala worship by Vikramaditya
and Bhoja is well-known buth the
temple has continued to receive
Royal grants for its puja-expenses
even in the Mougal period.
Presently this temple is under the
management of Mahakala Mandir Samiti.